Understanding 10 Major Effects of Climate Change

Melting Icecaps

Melting icecaps lead to rising sea levels, threatening coastal communities, habitats, and biodiversity. Reduced ice cover also impacts Arctic ecosystems and weather patterns.

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Extreme Weather

Climate change intensifies extreme weather events like hurricanes, droughts, and heatwaves. These events pose risks to human lives, agriculture, and infrastructure.

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Ocean Acidification

Increasing CO2 levels in the atmosphere are absorbed by oceans, causing acidification. This harms marine life, especially corals, shellfish, and plankton, disrupting marine ecosystems.

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Biodiversity Loss

Climate change disrupts habitats, leading to the decline and extinction of plant and animal species. Loss of biodiversity affects ecosystem stability and ecosystem services.

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Food and Water Scarcity

Altered rainfall patterns and temperature changes impact agriculture, leading to reduced crop yields and food shortages. Water scarcity worsens as droughts become more frequent.

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Rising Sea Levels

Rising sea levels threaten low-lying coastal areas, displacing millions and eroding coastlines. This jeopardizes infrastructure, ecosystems, and human settlements.

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Health Impacts

Climate change contributes to the spread of diseases, heat-related illnesses, and air pollution-related issues. Vulnerable populations are at higher risk of health problems.

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Economic Disruptions

Extreme weather events, crop failures, and resource scarcity affect economies globally. Climate-induced damages challenge industries, trade, and financial stability.

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Loss of Glaciers

Glacial retreat affects water supplies, hydropower generation, and tourism. Many communities rely on glaciers as a freshwater source.

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Disrupted Ecosystems

Climate change alters ecosystems, causing shifts in plant and animal distributions. This disrupts natural balance and affects ecological relationships.

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